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Are Black and Hispanic Children Over-Reported, Over-Substantiated and Over-Placed Compared to White Children?

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General Admission (individual session): $30.00
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Title:
Are Black and Hispanic Children Over-Reported, Over-
Substantiated and Over-Placed Compared to White Children? Presented by Brett Drake, PhD

Description:
Are Black and Hispanic children “overreported” to Child Protective Services (CPS)? We present national data from CDC, the Census and the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect. We compare racial differences in child maltreatment reports to racial differences in a range of known risks (e.g. poverty) and outcomes (e.g. infant mortality). We found that Black children are being reported to CPS at a rate lower than would be expected given their high exposure to risks and high levels of non-maltreatment negative outcomes. Hispanic children are reported to CPS at a rate lower than their risk exposure would suggest, but similar to their rates of negative outcomes, such as infant mortality. This is consistent with the well-known “Hispanic Paradox”. We also used bivariate and multivariate statistics to determine if Black and Hispanic children are substantiated or placed more than White children once reported. There were only small differences by race/ethnicity. In recent years, multivariate models show Black children are substantiated and placed slightly less often than Whites, while Hispanic children and White children are substantiated and placed at similar rates.

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